Existing cognitive behaviour therapy can be fine-tuned for better results in treating social phobia, an extreme form of shyness, say Australian researchers.
Such shyness is accompanied by anxiety and fear in social situations. In acute cases, victims cannot have a conversation even with family members without breaking into cold sweat, palpitations, blushing and an awful feeling enveloping them. The experience is so unnerving that victims feel they'd rather die than go through the experience of social contact.
There is a debate as to the precise numbers of people affected by the condition, studies show that one to 8 percent of the population suffer social phobia, out of which only five to 10% of victims actually receive treatment, which could be in the form of anti-depressants and behavioral therapy.
However, researchers have been trying to refine the process even further to improve outcomes.
A recent study, led by researchers from Macquarie University, published in the US Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, showed that with a few adjustments to existing cognitive behaviour therapy, outcomes for people with social phobia can improve dramatically. Improvements to existing treatment included giving sufferers clear, detailed feedback about their social performance and teaching them how to better focus their attention when feeling frightened.
Participants in the study were divided into small groups. After learning some basic anxiety management techniques, they were gradually encouraged to face their fears over 12 weekly sessions. At the end of treatment, over 40 per cent of participants showed large and dramatic changes in how they coped with their fears while many others showed good improvements.
Professor Ron Rapee, Director of the Centre for Emotional Health at the University, who led the study, says people with social phobia have high levels of shyness, and worry other people will think badly of them.
"When a shy person feels they are the centre of attention, they immediately assume that the attention is negative and they are being judged and found lacking in some way. As a result, they avoid social activities most of us take for granted such as meeting new people, going on dates, talking to authority figures, and speaking in public," he says.
Professor Rapee says that while no one knows entirely what causes social phobia, it's clear that the people who suffer from this disorder have lives that are dramatically limited by their fears.
"In extreme cases, social phobia can interfere with relationships, work and social life," he says.