Climate change poses the maximum threat to public health in the developing countries, has said a recent study in Springer's Journal of Urban Health, despite the fact that they have contributed the least to greenhouse gas emissions.
"The rapid economic development and the concurrent urbanization of poorer countries mean that developing-country cities will be both vulnerable to health hazards from climate change and, simultaneously, an increasing contributor to the problem," the study, Climate Change and Developing-Country Cities, said.
Focussing on the implications for environmental health and equity, the study said: "achieving health equity in the urban setting is only possible by action towards fairness and equity within and between countries." "Engaging the people themselves, urban communities and multiple sectors in the urban development process is a must," said Tord Kjellstrom, coauthor of the study.
The study includes reports regarding the influence of climate change on health status, the post-disaster response in Indonesia, and improvements needed to the design of housing and shelter programs in developing countries.
Leading global experts from the WHO, Pan American Health Organization, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and major research institutions including the New York Academy of Medicine (NYAM) have contributed to the research.