City dwellers in Australia enjoy better oral health, according to a report released today by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
'People from outside capital cities don't have the same access to dental care and preventive dental programs as residents of capital cities,' said Ms Judy Stewart of the AIHW's Dental Statistics and Research Unit.
'As a consequence, tooth loss, poorer oral health and unfavourable dental visiting patterns were all more prevalent among those living outside of capital cities,' she said.
The report, Geographic variation in oral health and use of dental services in the Australian population 2004-06,
showed that people living in non-capital-city areas were less likely to visit the dentist for check-ups, less likely to make an annual dental visit, and less likely to have a particular dentist that they usually visit.
Those who had visited a dentist in the previous 12 months were more likely to have had one or more teeth extracted and less likely to have received a professional clean.
Inadequate natural dentition (having less than 21 teeth) was more prevalent among non-capital-city residents, particularly in the 55-74 years age group.
'People with fewer than 21 remaining teeth have been shown to be more likely to suffer impaired quality of life related to oral health compared to adults with more teeth,' Ms Stewart said.
Overall, people who lived in areas outside capital cities had almost double the prevalence of complete tooth loss as capital-city dwellers (9 per cent compared with 5 per cent), with the difference evident in all age groups.
Untreated decay was also more prevalent among residents of non-capital-city areas than capital-city dwellers (33% compared with 22 per cent).
The difference was greatest in the 15-34 years age group, where 37 per cent of non-capital-city residents had decayed teeth compared with 20 per cent of capital city dwellers, almost a two-fold difference.
'Dental visiting behaviour is closely associated with oral health outcomes, and people who visit regularly for a check-up generally have less invasive treatments than people who go to the dentist only when they have a problem,' Ms Stewart said.
There was considerable variation in the proportion of people who visited the dentist for a check up - 48 per cent of residents of non-capital city areas compared with 61 per cent of capital-city dwellers usually visit the dentist for check-ups.