Scientists at the Tuberculosis Research Centre (TRC) in Chennai have discovered a new molecule that can aid the fight against tuberculosis.
The new molecule is called Transitmycin and was extracted from Streptomyces sp, which were isolated from a soil sample found in the Rameswaram coral reef. The molecule has significant anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties, which make it an useful weapon against TB as well as common HIV sub types such as clade B and C.
"The significance of the discovery of this molecule is that it comes at a time when there is very little to offer to patients developing multi-drug resistance to otherwise effective drugs in the regimen like Rifampicin and isoniazid," Vanaja Kumar, Head of Bacteriology at TRC, Chennai told The Hindu.
This project was funded by the Department of Science and Technology and was undertaken in collaboration with IIT-M and the Periyar University, Salem.