The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), has been conducting inspections to ensure compliance by industrial units to various pollution control norms. The number of inspections of industrial units carried out by the CPCB were 76 in the year 2005, 203 in the year 2006 and 27 in 2007 (upto June 2007).
Based on the inspections carried out, 65 industrial units in 2005, 107 industrial units in 2006 and 15 industrial units in 2007 (upto June, 2007), have been identified by the CPCB to be violating the pollution control norms.
The CPCB has issued directions under Section 5 of the Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986 for closure of 2 industrial units in 2005, 63 industrial units in 2006 and 11 industrial units in 2007 (upto June, 2007).
The CPCB also issued directions under Section 18 (1) (b) of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 to the concerned State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) for closure of 1 industrial unit in 2005, 1 unit in 2006 and 6 units in 2007 till installation and satisfactory operation of requisite pollution control system, in order to meet the prescribed norms.
The CPCB, through the concerned SPCBs, regularly monitors the compliance of directions issued to industrial units for controlling pollution. The industrial units against which the directions were issued have been either closed down or have upgraded the pollution control system as per directions issued.
This information was given by the Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Shri Namo Narayana Meena in a written reply to question by Dr. Ramkrishna Kusmaria in the Lok Sabha today.