Initial results of the decennial census released by the country's official institute of geography and statistics show that Brazil's population climbed to more than 190.7 million people in 2010.
Last year the South American giant had a population of 190,755,799, according to the institute, an annual growth rate of 1.17 percent since the last census in 2000.
The country's southeastern states had the largest populations: Sao Paulo had 41.3 million inhabitants, Minas Gerais a population of 19.6 million, and Rio de Janeiro's 16 million inhabitants.
The entire southeast region, which also includes the state of Espirito Santo, has 42.1 percent of the country's population.
Women comprise 51 percent of the country's population, according to the institute.