The minute balancing organs hidden deep within the ear directly alter blood flow to the brain, say researchers from Harvard Medical School along with NASA scientists.
Until now, experts thought the inner ear's job was to control balance alone
But a new study has shown that as well as helping us keep our head, the balance organs affect brain blood flow.
The researchers said that the connection probably evolved to enable man to stand upright and still get enough blood up to the brain.
The organs of balance are deep within the ear, inside a maze of bony chambers.
Two sacs, called the utricle and saccule, make up the inner ear's vestibule and three fluid-filled loops, known as the semi-circular canals, detect the rotation and tilting movements of the head.
Dr Jorge Serrador and his colleagues from Harvard Medical School asked 24 healthy people to undergo a range of tests normally used on astronauts.
These included a tilt test where the individual sits strapped to a chair that is then tilted to different angles, plus a ride inside a giant, spinning centrifuge.
In this way, the researchers were able to stimulate the different parts of the balance organs and monitor the effects on blood flow around the body.
This revealed that the utricle and saccule, also known as the otoliths, directly affected brain blood flow regulation, independent of other factors, such as blood pressure.
Serrador explained why the connection may exist.
"Standing up places the head above the heart and thus makes it harder to provide blood flow to the brain," the BBC quoted Serrador said.
"Having a connection between the otoliths, which tell us that we are standing, and the cerebrovasculature may be part of the adaption that allows us to maintain our brain blood flow when upright.
"The knowledge gained from this study might lead to new treatment options for these conditions," Serrador added.
For instance, some people who suffer from faints and dizzy spells when they stand up quickly, known as postural hypotension, could have poor brain blood flow linked to underlying inner ear problems, he said.
The study appears in the BMC Neuroscience journal.