Researchers from the University of South Australia have developed a garment with integrated electronic technology that can monitor the wearer's heart or respiratory functions wirelessly.
When placed on electronic hangers, they enable monitored data to be downloaded onto to a computer in the wardrobe. So there's no need to worry about data being lost while the garment is being cleaned, according to Professor Bruce Thomas, Director of UniSA's Wearable Computer Laboratory, which developed the technology.
After cleaning, they can be recharged for wearing again, he said.
"For continuous monitoring, you can take off one garment and put on another smart garment so, instead of having just one heart monitor, you can have a wardrobe of them," said Prof. Thomas.
Prof Thomas said though his team were not the first to think of this technology, but they "were the first worldwide to develop smart garment management technology that worked".
"The wardrobe has a touch screen on the outside and conductive metal bands spanning the hanging rail inside, with wires connecting it to a computer in the base of the wardrobe. When we place electronic hangers, each with their own ID and metal connection, on the rail, it detects the hangers and smart garments incorporating the conductive material and integrated electronics," said Prof Thomas.
"Through this connection, the computer identifies, for example, that hanger 123 has coat 45 on it, which has stored heart monitoring data that needs to be downloaded and the hanger recharged," he said.
According to him, garments with communication technology only and a wireless connection enables users to access heart monitoring through a simple blue tooth or zigbee network, eliminating the need for expensive heart monitoring equipment to be placed in each garment.
He said smart garments in the future may be used for a range of other monitoring services such as at home outpatient care and for people with dementia, enabling them to have a full life for as long as possible with a minimum level of intervention.
They can also be monitored without having to learn to use a new device, he said.
"The garments enable us to monitor people's vital statistics and activity levels - when they get up, walk around, make breakfast and dinner, or sleep - but more importantly, we can determine if they are missing meals, fall over or stop moving. The technology can distinguish between normal and abnormal events and alert family or emergency services or, for people who live in retirement villages, alert local medical staff," said Prof Thomas.
He further said the smart wardrobe could also be adapted for other uses including the self diagnosis of faulty monitoring equipment; scheduling cleaning and dry-cleaning; a fashion butler to help people accessorise, colour match and select appropriate clothing for special occasions; and for preloading news, music and daily schedules into smart garments.