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Amendments in Transplantation of Human Organ Act, 1994

by Sreeraman on  November 23, 2009 at 11:31 AM Organ Donation News   - G J E 4
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 Amendments in Transplantation of Human Organ Act, 1994
The broad areas involving amendments to the Act are:

1. To rename the Act as the "Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act";

2. To expand the definition of the term 'near relatives' to include grandparents and grandchildren;

3. To provide for the enucleation of corneas by a trained technician;

4. To enable a surgeon/physician and an anesthetist/intensivist to be included in the medical board in the event of non availability of a neurosurgeon/neurologist for certification of brain death;

5. To make it mandatory for the ICU/Treating Medical Staff to request relatives of brain dead patients for organ donation;

6. To provide for Swap Donations of organs;

7. To empower the Central Government to prescribe the composition of Authorization Committees and to empower Union Territories to set up their own authorization committees;
8. To regulate the transplantation of organs for foreign nationals;

9. To prevent the exploitation of minors;

10. To provide for the establishment of Advisory Committees for Appropriate Authorities;

11. To vest in Appropriate Authorities, the power to summon persons, seek production of documents, issue search warrants etc;

12. To establish a National Organ Retrieval, Banking & Transplantation Network;

13. To provide for the development and maintenance of a national registry of the recipients of organ transplants;

14. To create the position of a 'Transplant Coordinator' in all hospitals registered for organ retrieval and or transplantation;

15. To provide for the registration of Non Government Organizations working in the field of organ retrieval and or transplantation in any manner whatsoever;

16. To enhance the penalties under the act; and

17. To expand the rule making powers of the Central Government.

Health is a state subject. Data regarding Organ Transplantation is not maintained centrally.

This information was given by Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.

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