Afghans Fall Victim to Rare Liver Disease Caused by Contaminated Wheat

by Gopalan on  April 20, 2008 at 1:33 PM Diet & Nutrition News   - G J E 4
Afghans Fall Victim to Rare Liver Disease Caused by Contaminated Wheat
Afghans are falling victims to a rare liver disease caused by contaminated wheat. The toll is ten so far in the Herat province.

At least 161 people were also hospitalized with Gulran disease although estimates were as high as 200 affected in the province, on the Iranian border, said Peter Graaff, resident representative of the U.N. World Health Organization.

A toxic weed called charmak, which grows in the area, contains alkalines that affect the liver causing Gulran disease, which is named after the affected district in Herat. Graaff said the disease was not new but rare, and has killed as many as 10 people in recent weeks.

Abdul Hakim Tamana, the director of the Herat public health department, said 112 Gulran cases have been recorded in the province's clinics, and six people died.

"It has spread all over Gulran district, including several villages," Tamana said.

It was unclear exactly how the people became ill. The WHO is sending an epidemiologist from Geneva to Afghanistan next week to investigate, news agency AP reports.

Graaff said charmak might have contaminated wheat grown in the region, flour or other foods.

The Afghan Red Crescent Society received $14,000 to purchase new wheat to replace suspect supplies in the district as a precautionary measure, said Graziella Leite Piccolo, a spokeswoman in Kabul for the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Tamana said Gulran disease had affected people in the area over the past 40 years, and several people died in 1999 and 2001 from it.

Source: Medindia

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