Official data revealed that the national capital has recorded 1,259 dengue cases - the highest after 2010 - till September 5.
According to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), there were only 33 dengue cases till September 5 last year.
For the same period, the number was 255 in 2013, 17 in 2012 and 104 in 2011. In 2010, however, the number was 1,512.
Delhi has witnessed two dengue deaths this year.
The latest figures follow a report from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences that said the Type 4 strain of the disease had emerged as the dominant type for the first time in Delhi, along with Type 2.
While symptoms of Type 4 dengue include fever with shock and a drop in platelets, Type 2 causes a severe drop in platelets, hemorrhagic fever, organ failure and dengue shock syndrome.
Ashutosh Biswas, professor of medicine at AIIMS, said it was too early to predict if there would be an outbreak but it was believed that Type 2 and 4 dengue strains were more virulent and aggressive.
"To prevent dengue, one should not allow mosquito breeding at home and one who is infected should stay at home and not move around," Biswas said.
Following the rise in the number of cases, the Ram Manohar Lohia (RML) Hospital has started a new 35-bed ward for dengue patients.
"The number of dengue cases are likely to increase definitely for a few more days," Sunil Saxena, head of the medicine and emergency department at RML Hospital, told IANS.
"As the season has started becoming dry, mosquito breeding will recede. Once the breeding stops, the dengue cases will be lower," he said.
Over a dozen faculty members and staff from AIIMS have also been reported to have contracted the fever and admitted to the hospital.