Twelve infants have died in the past two days in the 'Malda Medical College and Hospital' medical college in India, reported an official on Thursday. The babies were aged between one day and three months, CMOH (Malda) Dilip Kumar Mondal said. The newborns, brought from different primary health centres of Malda district In West Bengal in a critical condition, suffered from low weight, breathing problems and malnutrition, Mr. Mondal said.
Most common causes that lead to early infant death include premature birth, sudden infant death syndrome and birth defects.
AdvertisementPremature birth is the birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks gestational age. Sudden infant death syndrome (cot death or crib death) is the sudden death of an infant that is not predicted by medical history and remains unexplained after a thorough forensic autopsy and detailed death scene investigation.
Though there isn't any concrete explanation about what causes SIDS, many studies and experts opinions point out that babies who are made to sleep on their tummy or their sides during the first month of their life find it difficult to breathe because of their airways being compressed.
Congenital defects or birth defects are another factor that induces early infant death. Though a lot of prenatal tests and diagnosis today helps to curb the issue or at least prepare for its consequences early, major defects often go undetected inflating infant mortality rates.