Twelve infants have died in the past two days in the 'Malda
Medical College and Hospital' medical college in India, reported an official on
Thursday. The babies were aged between one day and three months, CMOH (Malda)
Dilip Kumar Mondal said. The newborns, brought from different primary health
centres of Malda district In West Bengal in a critical condition, suffered from
low weight, breathing problems and malnutrition, Mr. Mondal said.
Most common causes that lead to early infant death
include premature birth, sudden infant death syndrome and birth defects.
Premature birth is the birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks
gestational age. Sudden infant death syndrome (cot death or crib death) is the
sudden death of an infant that is not predicted by medical history and remains
unexplained after a thorough forensic autopsy and detailed death scene
Though there isn't any concrete explanation about what
causes SIDS, many studies and experts opinions point out that babies who are
made to sleep on their tummy or their sides during the first month of their
life find it difficult to breathe because of their airways being compressed.
Congenital defects or birth defects are another factor that
induces early infant death. Though a lot of prenatal tests and diagnosis today
helps to curb the issue or at least prepare for its consequences early, major
defects often go undetected inflating infant mortality rates.