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Other Names :  

Acute interstitial pneumonitis

What is Hamman-rich Syndrome ?  

Hamman-rich syndrome is an uncommon type of pneumonia. But, unlike pneumonia, it is a long-term condition that affects the connective tissue of the lungs. White blood cells and plasma get accumulated in the alveoli, with the inflammation sometimes extending to bronchioles.

The inflammation, over a period of time causes the fluid to harden into scar tissue, called fibrosis. The alveoli are then destroyed and these spaces are filled with cysts. The bronchi and its walls widen and the lungs shrink in size.

Cause(s) :  Idiopathic.

Symptoms :  
  • Severe cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Crackling or wheezing sounds in the lungs
  • Cyanosis or blue tinge to the skin
  • Rapid heart rate
Brain function issues:
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Forgetfulness
Acute symptoms:
  • Highly productive cough
  • Expectoration of thick mucus
  • Difficulties in breathing
  • Fever
Diagnosis and Tests :  
  • Blood test
  • X ray
  • Lung biopsy
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
Category :  Pulmonary Conditions

Specialist to consult :  Pulmonology

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