Horner's Syndrome

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Other Names :  

Bernard-Horner syndrome , Oculosympathetic palsy

What is Horner's Syndrome ?  

Damage of the sympathetic trunk, a group of nerves that run from the base of the brain. The symptoms occur on the same side as the lesion of the sympathetic trunk.

Cause(s) :  
  • Congenital or iatrogenic
  • Lesion of the primary neuron
  • Stroke at brainstem or tumor at brainstem
  • Trauma to brachial plexus
  • Carotid artery ischemia
Symptoms :  
  • Miosis (Small pupil)
  • Ptosis (droopy eyelid)
  • Slight elevation of the lower eyelid
  • Sunken eyes
  • Bloodshot conjunctiva
  • Anhidrosis (No sweating either on entire side of the face)
  • Dizziness
  • Severe Headache
  • Neck Pain
Diagnosis and Tests :  
  • Eye test
  • CT
  • MRI
  • X Ray
Specialist to consult :  Pediatrics

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