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Other Names :  

Barrett esophagus, Barrett’s oesophagus, columnar epithelium lined lower oesophagus (CELLO)

What is Barret Syndrome ?  

Barrett’s esophagus is a condition where the inner lining of the esophagus changes (metaplasia) to resemble the intestinal lining. It predisposes the patient to esophageal adenocarcinoma, one of the deadly types of cancer.

Cause(s) :  
  • Chronic irritation from the reflux of contents of the stomach and intestine back to the esophagus.
  • History of long-standing gastroesophageal reflux.
Symptoms :  
  • A burning sensation in the chest called heart
  • Severe acidity
  • Food regurgitation
  • Vomiting blood
  • Pain under the sternum, point of esophagus meeting stomach
  • Weight loss due to less eating (eating is painful)
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Cough
Diagnosis and Tests :  
  • UGI (Upper Gastro-Intestinal Endoscopy)
  • Biopsy for any signs of cancer
Category :  Gastrointestinal System

Specialist to consult :  Gastroenterology

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