Premenstrual Syndrome

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Other Names :  

PMS

What is Premenstrual Syndrome ?  

The collection of physical and emotional symptoms a woman presents during a part of her menstrual cycle are called premenstrual syndrome. Specific symptoms may vary in each individual but a particular woman’s pattern of symptoms is predictable.

Cause(s) :  
  • Hormonal changes during menstrual cycle
  • Chemical changes in brain during stress and emotional problems
  • Changes in the levels of vitamins, minerals and high sodium content cause water retention and bloating
  • Family history of depression
Symptoms :  Symptoms can vary widely, with about 200 different symptoms reported. Some of the most common symptoms include:

Emotional:
  • Stress, anxiety, mood swings
  • Crying spells
  • Food cravings
  • Insomnia
  • Social withdrawal
  • Poor concentration
Physical:
  • Changes in libido
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Weight gain and water retention
  • Lower back pain
  • Swelling or tenderness in breasts
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Cyclic acne
Diagnosis and Tests :  Mild PMS is common and subsides in time. Very severe PMS symptoms are diagnosed as Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

If the same symptoms are recorded for at least two menstrual cycles, it is described as PMS.

Specialist to consult :  Obstetrics & Gynecology

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