Crigler-najjar Syndrome

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Other Names :  

CNS

What is Crigler-najjar Syndrome ?  

Crigler-Najjar syndrome (CNS) is a rare inherited disorder affecting metabolism of bilirubin, which is a chemical formed from the breakdown of the heme in red blood cells.The syndrome is divided into type I and type II.

Cause(s) :  
  • Inheritance
Symptoms :  
  • Jaundice
  • Yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes
  • Confusion, cognitive changes
  • Deafness
  • Lethargy
Diagnosis and Tests :  
  • Liver Biopsy
  • Total Bilirubin level
  • Enzyme assay
  • Bilirubin levels in blood - conjugated and unconjugated
Specialist to consult :  Pediatrics

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rothmas92 

crigler najjar syndrome is a disease characterized by increase bilirubin in blood which results from inefficiency of enzyme that breaks down bilirubin. such patient have jaundice like apperance treatment : liver transplant, blood tranfusion, phototherapy [for patient under 4 years old because after 4 yrs skin are thicken and won't allow light pass through.

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