Metabolic Syndrome

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Other Names :  

Metabolic syndrome X, Cardiometabolic syndrome X, Syndrome X, Insulin resistance syndrome, Reavenís syndrome and CHAOS (collective term for Coronary artery disease, Hypertension, Adult onset diabetes, Obesity and Stroke)

What is Metabolic Syndrome ?  

Metabolic syndrome is the malfunctioning of energy utilization and storage. It is diagnosed by the presence of three out of five of the following medical conditions:
  • Abdominal obesity
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • High serum triglycerides
  • Elevated fasting plasma glucose
  • Low levels of HDL (High density lipoproteins)

Cause(s) :  
  • Stress
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Inactive or sedentary lifestyle
  • Aging
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Lipodystrophy
  • Rheumatic diseases
  • Eating disorders
  • Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
Symptoms :  
  • Central obesity (abdominal obesity, visceral obesity or apple-shaped obesity)
  • High blood pressure
  • Decreased HDL cholesterol
  • Elevated triglyceride levels
  • Insulin resistance
  • Impaired fasting glucose
  • Fatty liver
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • erectile dysfunction
  • Hyperuricemia
Diagnosis and Tests :  
  • Central obesity - waist circumference greater than 102 cm or 40 inches in male and greater than 88 cm or 35 inches in female
  • Blood pressure more than 130/85
  • Serum total cholesterol
  • Blood glucose levels
  • Glucose tolerance test in prediabetics
  • High-Sensitivity C-reactive protein (used as a marker to predict coronary vascular diseases)
Specialist to consult :  Endocrinology

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