|Sl. No.||Endocrine Glands||Location||Hormone||Action|
|1||Pituitary (Master Gland)||Base of fore brain, pea shaped||Growth Hormone||Regulates the growth of bone and tissue.|
|Anti-diuretic hormone||Controls amount of water reabsorbed by the kidney|
|Adreno corticotrophic hormone||Defending the body against physiological stress eg. exposure to cold Follicle stimulating hormone Stimulates ovary to produce female hormone|
|Thyroid stimulating hormone||Stimulates thyroid to produce its hormone|
|2||Thyroid||Neck of lower extremity of larynx, butterfly shaped||Thyroxine||Regulates rate of growth and metabolism. Too little over weight and sluggishness. Too much- thinning and over activity.|
|3||Adrenal||A Pair of cap shaped organs above each kidney||Cortisone||Aids in conversion of proteins to sugar, cortex of this gland produces the hormone.|
|4||Pancreas||Itís a double gland||Insulin||Regulates Sugar metabolism. Too little insulin leads to high sugar level in blood and weakness (a condition called diabetes).|
|5||Ovary||Lie on the lateral walls of the pelvis||Estrogen||Development of Secondary sexual characters. Eg. Development of breasts in female.|
|6||Testis||In the scrotum||Testosterone||Development of many masculine features such as growth of moustaches and beard.|
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