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Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940

34. Offences by companies. – (1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who at the time the offence was committed, was in charge of and was responsible to the company for the conduct of the business of the company, as well as the company shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly :

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided in this Act if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Explanation. – For the purposes of this section –

(a) "company" means a body corporate, and includes a firm or other association of individuals ; and

(b) "director" in relation to a firm means a partner in the firm.

34A. Offences by Government Departments. – Where an offence under Chapter IV or Chapter IVA has been committed by any department of Government, such authority as is specified by the Central Government to be in charge of manufacture, sale or distribution of drugs or where no authority is specified, the head of the department, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly :

Provided that nothing contained in this section shall render any such authority or person liable to any punishment provided in Chapter IV or Chapter IVA, as the case may be, if such authority or person proves that the offence was committed without its or his knowledge or that such authority or person exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

34AA. Penalty for vexatious search or seizure. — Any Inspector exercising powers under this Act or the rules made there under, who,-

(a) Without reasonable ground of suspicion searches any place, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance ; or

(b) Vexatiously and unnecessarily searches any person ; or

(c) Vexatiously and unnecessarily seizes any drug or cosmetic, or any substance or article, or any record, register, document or other material object ; or

(d) Commits, as such Inspector, any other act, to the injury of any person without having reason to believe that such act is required for the execution of his duty, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.

35. Publication of sentences passed under this Act. – (1) If any person is convicted of an offence under this Act, [the Court before which the conviction takes place shall, on application made to it by the Inspector, cause] the offender’s name, place of residence, the offence of which he has been convicted and the penalty which has been inflicted upon him to be published at the expense of such person in such newspapers or in such other manner as the Court may direct.

(2) The expenses of such publication shall be deemed to form part of the costs relating to the conviction and shall be recoverable in the same manner as those costs are recoverable.

36. Magistrate’s power to impose enhanced penalties. – Notwithstanding anything contained in (Note: The words and figures "section 32 of" omitted by Act 13 of 1964, sec.29 (w.e.f. 15-9-1964)) [(Note: Subs. by Act 68 of 1982, sec.38, for "the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898" (w.e.f. 1-2-1983)) the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973], it shall be lawful for [(Note: Subs. by Act 68 of 1982, sec.38, for "any Presidency Magistrate of any Magistrate of the first class" (w.e.f. 1-2-1983)) any Metropolitan Magistrate or any Judicial Magistrate of the first class] to pass any sentence authorized by this Act excess of his powers under (Note: The words and figures "section 32 of" omitted by Act 13 of 1964, sec.29 (w.e.f. 15-9-1964)) the said Code.

36A. Certain offences to be tried summarily. – Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, all offences under this Act, punishable with imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, other than an offence under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 33I, shall be tried in a summary way by a Judicial Magistrate of the first class specially empowered in this behalf by the State Government or by a Metropolitan Magistrate and the provisions of sections 262 to 265 (both inclusive) of the said Code shall, as far as may be, apply to such trial :

Provided that, in the case of any conviction in a summary trial under this section, it shall be lawful for the Magistrate to pass a sentence of imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year :

Provided further that when at the commencement of, or in the course of, a summary trial under this section it appears to the Magistrate that the nature of the case is such that a sentence of imprisonment for a term exceeding one year may have to be passed or that it is, for any other reason, undesirable to try the case summarily, the Magistrate shall, after hearing the parties, record an order to that effect and thereafter recall any witness who has been examined and proceed to hear or rehear the case in the manner provided by the said Code.

37. Protection of action taken in good faith. – No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.

38. Rules to be laid before Parliament. – Every rule made this Act shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, [(Note: Subs. by Act 68 of 1982, sec.40, for certain words (w.e.f. 1-2-1983)) and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid], both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so however that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.

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