Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940
In 1937 a Bill was introduced in the Central Legislative Assembly to give effect to the recommendations of the Drugs Enquiry Committee to regulate the import of drugs into British India. This Bill was referred to the Select Committee and the Committee expressed the opinion that a more comprehensive measure for the uniform control of manufacture and distribution of drugs as well as of imports was desirable. The Central Government suggested to the Provincial Governments to ask the Provincial Legislatures to pass resolutions empowering the Central Legislature to pass on Act for regulating such matters relating to control of drugs as fall within the Provincial sp here. Provincial Governments got the resolution passed from the Provincial Legislatures and sent them to the Central Government for getting through the Bill to regulate the import, manufacture, distribution and sale of Drugs and Cosmetics. Thereupon the Drugs and Cosmetics Bill was introduced in the Central Legislative Assembly.
STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS
1. In order to give effect to the recommendations of the Drugs Enquiry Committee,, in so far as they relate to matters with which the Central Government is primarily concerned, a Bill to regulate the import of drugs into British India was introduced in the Legislative Assembly in 1937. The Select Committee appointed by the Legislative Assembly was of the opinion that a more comprehensive measure providing for the uniform control of the manufacture and distribution of drugs as well as of import was desirable. The Government of India accordingly asked Provincial Governments to invite the Provincial Legislatures to pass resolutions under section 103 of the Government of India Act, 1935, empowering the Central Legislature to pass an Act for regulating such matters relating to the control of drugs as fall within the Provincial Legislative List. Such resolutions have now been passed by all Provincial Legislatures.
2. Chapter II of the Bill establishes a Board of Technical Experts to advise the Central and Provincial Governments on technical matters.
3. Chapter III provides for the control of the import of drugs into British India. The executive power under this chapter will accordingly be exercised by the Central Government.
4. Chapter IV relates to control of the manufacture, sale and distribution of drugs and contains the provisions which it is proposed should be enacted in exercise of the powers conferred by the resolutions under section 103 of the Government of India Act passed by the Provincial Legislatures. The executive power under Chapter IV will be exercised by the Provincial Government.
5. The First Schedule prescribes the standards to be complied with by imported drugs and the Second Schedule prescribes the standards to be complied with the drugs manufactured, sold or distributed in India. The standards prescribed in the two Schedules are identical. The Central Government will have power to amend the First Schedule, but power to amend the Second Schedule will rest with Provincial Government.
6. The Government of India have considered to what extent provision can be made to secure the maintenance of unformity in standards and in other important matters in which uniformity is desirable. They understand that it would be ultra vires of Central Legislature to assign to any authority other than the Provincial Government's authority conferred by the Bill in respect of matters falling within the Provincial Legislative field. For this reason it is not possible to assign the power to fix standards and to make rules to any single authority. In order to assure that before any action is taken due consideration is given to the desirability of maintaining uniformity, provision has been made in Chapter VI for a single Technical Advisory Board which both Central and Provincial Government will be required to consult before modifying the standards set up by the Bill or before making rules under the Bill.
ACT 23 OF 1940
The Drugs and Cosmetics Bill was passed by the Central Legislative Assembly and it received the assent of the Governor General on 10th April, 1940 and thus became the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 (23 of 1940).
LIST OF AMENDING ACTS AND ADAPTATION ORDERS
1. The Repealing and Amending Act, 1949 (40 of 1949).
2. The Adoption of Laws Order, 1950
3. The part B States (Laws) Act, 1951 (3 of 1951).
4. The Drugs (Amendment) Act, 1955 (11 of 1955).
5. The Drugs (Amendment) Act, 1960 (35 of 1960).
6. The Drugs (Amendment) Act, 1962 (21 of 1962).
7. The Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment) Act, 1964 (13 of 1964).
8. The Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment) Act, 1972 (19 of 1972).
9. The Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment) Act, 1982 (68 of 1982).
10. The Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment) Act, 1986 (71 of 1986).
(23 OF 1940)
[10th April, 1940]
An Act to regulate the import, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs [(Note: Ins. by Act 21 of 1962, sec.2 (w.e.f. 27-7-1964)) and cosmetics].
WHEREAS it is expedient to regulate the [(Note: Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for certain words.) import, manufacture, distribution and sale] of drugs [(Note: Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for certain words.) and cosmetics];
AND WHEREAS the Legislatures of all the Provinces have passed resolutions in terms of section 103 of the Government of India Act, 1935, in relation to such of the above-mentioned matters and matters ancillary thereto as are enumerated in List II of the Seventh Schedule to the said Act;
It is hereby enacted as follows :-
1. Short title, extent and commencement.
(1) This Act may be called the Drugs [(Note: Ins. by Act 21 of 1962, sec.3 (w.e.f. 27-7-1964). and Cosmetics] Act, 1940.
(2) It extends to the whole of India (Note: The words "except the State of Jammu and Kashmir" omitted by Act 19 of 1972, sec.2).
(3) It shall come into force at once; but Chapter-III shall take effect only from such date (Note: 1st April, 1947; see Notification No. F.28(10) (3) 45H(I), dated 2nd September, 1946, Gazette of India, 1946, Pt. I, p.1349. Chapter IV came into force in the State of Delhi, Ajmer and Coorg on 1st April, 1947, see Notification No. F.28(10) (3) 45H(I), Chapter III and IV came into force in the States of Himachal Pradesh, Bilaspur, Kutch, Bhopal, Tripura, Vindhya Pradesh and Manipur on 1st April, 1953, vide Notification No. S.R.O. 663, dated 30the March,1953, Gazette of India, Pt. II, Sec.3, p.451. Chapter IV came into force in the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli w.e.f. 1st August, 1968, see. Notification No. ADM/Law/117 (74), dated 20th July, 1968, Gazette of India, Pt. III, Sec.3, p.128. The Act is extended to Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Reg. 6 of 1963, Sec.2 and Sch.I; to Pondicherry by Reg. 7 of 1963, sec.3 and Sch. I; to Goa, Daman and Diu by Reg.11 of 1963, sec.3 and Sch. and to Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands by Reg. 8 of 1965, sec.3 and Sch.) as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint in this behalf, and Chapter IV shall take effect in a particular State only from such date as the State Government may, by like notification, appoint in this behalf :
[(Note: Added by Act 19 of 1972, sec.2) Provided that in relation to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, Chapter III shall take effect only from such date (Note: 24th August, 1974, vide. Notification No. S.O. 2185, dated 9th August, 1974, Gazette of India, 1974, Pt. II, Sec. 3(ii), p.2331) after the commencement of the Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment) Act, 1972, as the central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint in this behalf.]
2. Application of other laws not barred. – The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, the Dangerous Drugs Act, 1930, and any other law for the time being in force.