Causes of Menstrual Cramps
Primary dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps usually affect young girls and are caused due to contractions of uterus that occur in response to prostaglandin, a hormone–like substance that works to stimulate contractions necessary for shedding the uterine lining. Secondary dysmenhorrea is usually seen in older women and the menstrual cramps occur due to a problem in the female reproductive organs or pelvis.
Symptoms of Menstrual Cramps
The following are the symptoms that are associated with menstrual cramps:
Dull, throbbing, cramping pain in the lower abdomen
Pain in the lower back and thighs
Bloating in your belly area
Lightheadedness- feeling faint
Regular Exercise: Exercising during menstrual cramps can help ease your belly pain. This practice increases the release of endorphins and reduces your cramps.
Use hot water bottle: Place a hot water bottle to the stomach or lower abdomen for 15 to 20 minutes to reduce cramps.
Drink Water: Keep drinking water to make sure you won’t become dehydrated, as this will only worsen your menstrual cramps.
Yoga: Yoga stretches or asanas during your monthly period not only treat abdominal cramps, but also provide relaxation that can help ease other symptoms associated with menstrual cycle.
Drink hot liquids: Drinking hot liquids like hot herbal tea and warmed up lemonade during menstrual cramps help to increase your blood flow and relax your muscles.
Mint: Peppermint is an effective agent for providing relief from menstrual cramps. Drink one to two cups of peppermint tea per day during your monthly menstrual cramps.
Parsley: Parsley juice treats painful cramping. Drinking about 75 ml of a blend of parsley juice with beet, carrot and cucumber juices can provide maximum results.
Ginger: Ginger is an effective home remedy during times of a painful menstruation. Boil a piece of ginger in a cup of water for a couple of minutes, add sugar and drink three times daily after meals.
Vitamins and minerals: Make sure that your body is getting enough vitamins and minerals to prevent menstrual cramps.
Basil: Basil leaves contain a pain-killing component called caffeic acid, which can reduce menstrual cramps and pain. Boil a cup of water and add two tablespoons of basil leaves, let it steep and leave till it gets cooled. Drink ˝ to one cup of basil tea every hour to ease your cramps.
Cinnamon: Cinnamon has anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties that can reduce the symptoms of menstrual cramping. You can either sprinkle cinnamon powder on your breakfast foods or add to a tea.
Magnesium: Several types of nuts are high in magnesium, Vitamin E, calcium and other nutrients which help reduce menstrual cramps considerably.