Insect bites are puncture wounds or stings of venom made by insects into our skin. The bites from mosquitoes, fleas and mites are mostly not severe, but can cause immediate skin reactions like redness, swelling, pain or itching. Bites from sting bees, fire ants, hornets, wasps are usually painful and sometimes they can cause a severe allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis, which is life threatening if not treated on time. The most dangerous insect bite is from a black spider, which can cause death if left untreated.
Common Insect Bites
Common insect bites and stings that can lead to allergic reactions are caused by the following insects-
Stiffness or joint pain
Honey has powerful anti-microbial properties that help to relieve the itching sensation and also prevent from infection. Take a clean cloth or a cotton ball, dip into honey and apply this onto the affected parts.
Aloe Vera gel is a natural antiseptic agent that is very effective in treating insect bites. Take a fresh Aloe Vera leaf,; simply cut it open and rub onto the affected area to reduce the swelling, pain and itching sensation.
Onion contains enzymes that help break down the inflammatory compounds. Cut a slice of onion and rub it over the affected part.
Baking soda is another ingredient that is used for treating insect bites. Take a teaspoon of baking soda and add few drops of water, mix well till it makes a paste. Apply this paste gently onto the affected area, leave for few minutes and wash off with warm water.
Papaya has medicinal enzymes that can heal the bites of insects; slice a raw papaya and apply on the affected part to slow down the swelling effect.
The oil extract from tea tree serves as an anesthesia. It can be applied externally on the affected part to reduce the swelling of insect bites.
Use an ice pack and rub on the area of bite or sting for 15-20 minutes. This will help in reducing the inflammation or swelling that causes itching.
Toothpaste has anti-inflammatory substances like baking soda and menthol that help reduce the pain when it is applied to the affected area.
Dab a piece of cotton to lavender oil and apply directly to the affected area to get a quick relief from itching sensation.