|Organ Donation - The Gift of a Lifetime|
Organ donation, considered the highest form of human service, allows the opportunity to give life and let others live, even though we are gone. Not many may actually know that when a person donates organs and tissues, it can breathe life into nearly 10 people. Eye donation has a doubling effect of benefiting two people with the power of vision, to enjoy the beautiful world.
Brain Death is a topic of continuously international debate among the medical community. The advent of technology has constantly making this definition to re-invent itself. Brain death has been defined as a 'complete and irreversible cessation of the brain activity.' It is not enough to have the absence of apparent brain functions. The individual must not have any electrical activities and no clinical evidence of brain functions on a neurological examination to be proclaimed brain death.
Kidney transplantation is the transfer of a healthy kidney from one individual (donor) to another (recipient) through a specialized surgery. It is one of the best treatment options for patients with kidney failure. A number of advances such as the development of immunosuppressive agents and improvement in the surgical techniques have resulted in a notable increase in the quality of life of the patients who have received renal transplants and a reduction in the associated mortality and morbidity over the past 10 years.
Dialysis using a filtering process of the blood by a machine is called hemodialysis. Dialysis using the natural filtering membrane of the body called "Peritoneum" is called Peritoneal Dialysis. In serious kidney disease, kidney function is impaired or totally lost. In such a situation, it is by the process of "Dialysis" that waste products and excess fluids are removed from the blood. There are two types of dialysis: Hemodialysis and Peritoneal dialysis.
Liver transplantation is a surgical option for the treatment of liver failure where the surgeon replaces the diseased liver with a healthy one.Transplant ensures a better quality of life for the recipient. After a diagnosis of liver failure is made, the patient is referred to a transplant unit. The doctor will then evaluate the patients condition and assess the need for a liver transplant. The liver for transplantation is obtained from three different groups of donors: Live donors, Living unrelated donors and Cadaveric donors.