Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) - Definition
A non-communicable disease or NCD is a medical condition or disease, which is non-infectious and non-transmissible between persons.
Four major NCDs
Cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases are the leading causes of illness and death worldwide including the South-East Asia Region (SEAR).
NCDs in SEAR
Demographic changes, rapid urbanization, global trade and marketing, increase in unhealthy lifestyle patterns, as well as social and economic determinants are rapidly increasing the incidence of NCDs.
Due to Non- communicable diseases 7.9 million deaths reported among 14.5 million total deaths in SEAR countries. NCD deaths are expected to increase by 21% over the next decade.
NCD mortality rates are higher in males than among females.
Estimated percentage of deaths by cause, South East Asia Region, 2008
Chronic Respiratory Diseases
Four major behavioral risk factors
Lack of physical activity
Harmful use of alcohol
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