There is an emergency need of blood
for someone, every two seconds in India.
One in every 10 persons admitted to hospital requires blood.
60% of the Indian population is fit to safely donate blood; but only 1% population donates blood in a given year.
Any healthy individual above 18 years of age and below 58 years of age with body weight of above 40 kg can donate blood.
More than 90% of blood donation
comes from male donors in India.
Blood makes up about 7 percent of body’s weight. An average man has 70 ml of blood per kg in the body.
An average adult has about 10 pints of blood in his body and roughly 1 pint is drawn during a donation.
A healthy person can donate blood
once every 3 months, and platelets as frequent as 3 days apart, but for a maximum of 24 times in a year.
You will never get Hepatitis, AIDS
or any other infections on donating blood.
The major human blood groups – A, B, AB and O were first identified and classified by Dr. Karl Landsteiner in 1901.
The most common blood group is B+ in India, while O+ is the most common blood group
AB+ is the universal recipient of blood, who can receive blood from any blood group type while O negative is the universal donor of red blood cells, who can donate blood to any other blood group.
AB negative is the rarest blood group
type universally. AB negative is the universal plasma donor who can donate plasma to any other blood type.
A unit of blood can be separated into several components: red blood cells
, plasma, platelets and cryoprecipitate respectively and could save 3 lives.
Specific blood components like platelets or plasma could be donated through a special type of blood donation
process known as Apheresis
Whole blood and red blood cells possess a shelf life of only 35 days, while platelets must be used within three to five days.
Shortages of all blood types mostly occur during the summer holidays. Most blood banks often run short of types O and AB blood groups in India.
More than a million new people are diagnosed with cancer
every year; several thousand accidents occur annually in India. Most of the cancer patients, accident / trauma patients, and patients undergoing open-heart surgery or organ transplantations may require both blood and platelet
transfusions to survive. Thalassemia
patients may require frequent blood transfusions for their survival.
Voluntary Blood donors in India are very few like college students, and most donations are replacement blood donation by family members.References: