Facts on Blood Donation

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Blood Donation Facts
• There is an emergency need of blood for someone, every two seconds in India.

• One in every 10 persons admitted to hospital requires blood.

• 60% of the Indian population is fit to safely donate blood; but only 1% population donates blood in a given year.

• Any healthy individual above 18 years of age and below 58 years of age with body weight of above 40 kg can donate blood.

• More than 90% of blood donation comes from male donors in India.

• Blood makes up about 7 percent of body’s weight. An average man has 70 ml of blood per kg in the body.

• An average adult has about 10 pints of blood in his body and roughly 1 pint is drawn during a donation.

• A healthy person can donate blood once every 3 months, and platelets as frequent as 3 days apart, but for a maximum of 24 times in a year.

• You will never get Hepatitis, AIDS or any other infections on donating blood.

• The major human blood groups – A, B, AB and O were first identified and classified by Dr. Karl Landsteiner in 1901.

• The most common blood group is B+ in India, while O+ is the most common blood group universally.

• AB+ is the universal recipient of blood, who can receive blood from any blood group type while O negative is the universal donor of red blood cells, who can donate blood to any other blood group.

• AB negative is the rarest blood group type universally. AB negative is the universal plasma donor who can donate plasma to any other blood type.

• A unit of blood can be separated into several components: red blood cells, plasma, platelets and cryoprecipitate respectively and could save 3 lives.

• Specific blood components like platelets or plasma could be donated through a special type of blood donation process known as Apheresis.

• Whole blood and red blood cells possess a shelf life of only 35 days, while platelets must be used within three to five days.

• Shortages of all blood types mostly occur during the summer holidays. Most blood banks often run short of types O and AB blood groups in India.

• More than a million new people are diagnosed with cancer every year; several thousand accidents occur annually in India. Most of the cancer patients, accident / trauma patients, and patients undergoing open-heart surgery or organ transplantations may require both blood and platelet transfusions to survive.

• Thalassemia patients may require frequent blood transfusions for their survival.

• Voluntary Blood donors in India are very few like college students, and most donations are replacement blood donation by family members.








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