Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
The first AIDS case in India was detected in 1986 and since then Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection has been reported in all states and union territories.
The key risk groups are
- 2.4 million people living with this condition
- 170, 000 HIV/AIDS related deaths happened
Routes of Transmission of HIV,India, 2010-11
- High Risk Groups (HRG)
- Female Sex Workers (FSW)
- Men who have Sex with Men (MSM)
- Transgender (TG)
- Injecting Drug Users (IDU)
- Bridge Populations
HIV positive cases detected, mother to child transmission accounts for 5.0%, Infected Syringe and Needle 1.7%, Homosexual 1.5% and contaminated blood and blood products account for 1.0% of HIV infections detected during 2011-12.
Routes of Transmission of HIV, India, 2011-12
Estimated Annual New HIV Infections
New HIV infections has declined by more than 50% over the past decade from 2.7 lakh in 2000 to 1.2 lakh in 2009. Of these, six high prevalence states account for only 39%, while the states of Orissa, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat together account for 41% of new infections.
India – National Scenario
- Overall, 74.57 lakh STI cases were treated during 2011-12
Progress in Achievement of Physical Targets listed in Outcome Budget of the Department of AIDS Control for 2010-11 and 2011-12.
Source: Avert statistics- 'Annual Report 2010-2011 & NACO Fact Sheet-2012.