Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
The first AIDS case in India was detected in 1986 and since then Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection has been reported in all states and union territories.
HIV positive cases detected, mother to child transmission accounts for 5.0%, Infected Syringe and Needle 1.7%, Homosexual 1.5% and contaminated blood and blood products account for 1.0% of HIV infections detected during 2011-12.Routes of Transmission of HIV, India, 2011-12
New HIV infections has declined by more than 50% over the past decade from 2.7 lakh in 2000 to 1.2 lakh in 2009. Of these, six high prevalence states account for only 39%, while the states of Orissa, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat together account for 41% of new infections.
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