Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Statistics and Epidemiological Profile of India

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About 340 million new cases of the four main curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, syphilis, and chancroid - are recorded every year in the world, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Every year, about 6 percent of the adult population in India are infected with sexually transmitted infections and reproductive tract infections (STIs/RTIs).

Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) among Men in India
Syphilis 12.6 - 57 %
Chlamydia 20 - 30 %
Chancroid 9.9 - 34.7 %
Gonorrhea 8.5 - 25.9 %
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Infection 3.0 - 141.9 %
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Infection 4.9 - 14.30 %


Between the years 2007 and 2017, a total of 34.9 million episodes of sexually transmitted infections and reproductive tract infections (STIs/RTIs) were treated.

Between the years 2016-2017, the National AIDS Control Society (NACO) covered 3.993 million episodes of sexually transmitted infections and reproductive tract infections (STIs/RTIs).

Prevalence of Syphilis among Women in India
Seroprevalence of syphilis 0.38 %
Number of women infected with syphilis in 2012 1,03,960


Estimated number of adverse outcomes from syphilis-reactive pregnant women in India for the year 2012
Outcome Estimated number of adverse outcomes in India for the year 2012
Early fetal loss/stillbirths 21, 488
Neonatal deaths 9,213
Premature or low-birth-weight babies 6,161
Clinical evidence of syphilis in newborns 16, 324
Any adverse outcomes 53, 187


Estimated Number of Annual New HIV Infection, 2015
Total 86,309
Adults 75,948
Children (<15Years) 10,361


Percentage of Men and Women who have Comprehensive Knowledge of HIV/AIDS
Gender Urban Rural Total
Men 37.8 % 29.2 % 32.5 %
Women 28.1 % 16.9 % 20.9 %


References:
  1. Annual Report 2016 - 2017, NACO / Annual Report 2015-2016, NACO / India HIV Estimations 2015.
  2. National Family Health Survey - 4, 2015 - 2016.
  3. National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS and STI 2017 24.
  4. The National Strategy & Operational Guidelines Towards Elimination of Congenital Syphils - 2015.
  5. Training of medical officers to deliver STI/RTI services, NACO.

Diseases in India

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