ATLANTA, May 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- The American Psychiatric Association (APA) has called on the Food and Drug Administration
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CCHR says that while most Americans don't realize that electroshock is still used, the fact is more than 100,000 are electroshocked in the U.S. alone—every year. The APA now wants to expand this, including using electroshock on children.
The APA states that "having access to a rapid and effective treatment such as ECT is especially meaningful in children and adolescents…." But CCHR points out how the electroshocking of children actually happens:
According to the FDA, ECT can cause physical trauma (including fractures, contusions, injury from falls, dental and oral injury) prolonged or delayed onset seizure and complications, including heart attack and even death. Along with these possible outcomes are permanent memory loss, confusion and cognitive dysfunction.
In addition to the APA calling for the use of electroshock on children diagnosed with depression and bipolar, they include recommending its use on children who meet the criteria for "treatment resistance," which is often broadly defined as "failure to achieve response or remission to at least one proven antidepressant." CCHR says that instead, the APA should be reviewing the 286 international drug regulatory agency warnings citing side effects of hallucinations, mania, psychosis, suicidal ideation, worsening depression, addiction, withdrawal and a host of other common side effects. CCHR states this could open the door to the possibility of any child being labeled "treatment-resistant" simply because the drugs aren't working. There are already more than 8 million U.S. children are on these dangerous drugs, including 1 million between the ages of 0-5 .
CCHR also points out that ECT device manufacturers do not, and cannot, guarantee the electroshock machines are safe or effective for use on a child, let alone an adult. Since 1978, the FDA classified the ECT devices as a restrictive Class III, demonstrating "an unreasonable risk of illness or injury." This is because the manufacturers have never conducted clinical trials on the machines and, despite being required to do so, the FDA failed to enforce their own order for the trials to be conducted.
In continuing its long expose of electroshock and in particular on children, CCHR is organizing a protest march at the annual APA convention in downtown Atlanta, Georgia on Saturday, May 14, 2016. For more information on the protest, visit this page.
Read the full article here.
About Citizens Commission on Human Rights: CCHR is a non-profit, non-political, non-religious mental health watchdog. Its mission is to eradicate abuses committed under the guise of mental health and enact patient and consumer protections. CCHR has helped to enact more than 150 laws protecting individuals from abusive or coercive mental health practices.
 Letter to Robert M. Califf, M.D., Commissioner, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, from the American Psychiatric Association, March 10, 2016, p. 2, psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/advocacy/federal-affairs/patient-safety, click on: "March 10: APA Comments to the FDA Concerning the Proposed Order and Draft Guidance related to ECT Devices."
 "Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)," Mental Health America, mentalhealthamerica.net/ect.
 "Practice Parameter for Use of Electroconvulsive Therapy With Adolescents," Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 43, No. 12, December 2004, pp. 1521-1539, jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(09)61390-3/pdf.
 Scott O. Lilienfeld, Hal Arkowitz, "The Truth about Shock Therapy," Scientific American, May 1, 2014, scientificamerican.com/article/the-truth-about-shock-therapy/; Op. cit., "Practice Parameter for Use of Electroconvulsive Therapy With Adolescents."
 Anectine® (Succinylcholine Chloride Injection, USP) Label, FDA.gov, accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2010/008453s027lbl.pdf.
 John M. Friedberg, M.D., "Shock Treatment, Brain Damage, and Memory Loss: A Neurological Perspective," American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 134, No. 9, September 1977, pp: 1010-1013, psychrights.org/research/Digest/Electroshock/PBregginCites/ShkTrtmntBrnDmgMmryLssANlgclPs.pdf; Linda Andre, Doctors of Deception: What They Don't Want You to Know about Shock Treatment, pp. 103-104 (Rutgers University Press, Copyright 2009), books.google.com/books?id=dVM0O5VKwqYC&pg=PA103&lpg=PA103&dq=amps+of+old+ect+machines&source=bl&ots=g4RlqHcDgh&sig=Y–gfO1EsfFtGqW-9k1pfIG1MhE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiAm_299MPMAhVKxWMKHQTeB0sQ6AEIQzAG#v=onepage&q=amps%20of%20old%20ect%20machines&f=false.
 "Ronald L. Warnell, MD, Conrad M. Swartz, PhD, et al., "Clinically insubstantial cognitive side effects of bitemporal electroconvulsive therapy at 0.5 msec pulse width," Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 2011: 23 (4): 257-262, aacp.com/pdf%2F1111%2F1111ACP_Warnell.pdf; The Brain Stimulation Clinic, Atlanta, Georgia, transcranialbrainstimulation.com/; Op. cit., "Practice Parameter for Use of Electroconvulsive Therapy With Adolescents."
 "Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Devices for Class II Intended Uses," Draft Guidance for Industry, Clinicians and Food and Drug Administration Staff, December 29, 2015, fda.gov/downloads/MedicalDevices/UCM478942.pdf.
 Op. cit., Letter to Robert M. Califf, M.D., Commissioner, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, from the American Psychiatric Association; Dawn F. Ionescu, Jerrold F. Rosenbaum, et al., "Pharmacological approaches to the challenge of treatment-resistant depression," Dialogues Clinical Neuroscience, June 2015, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 111–126, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4518696/.
 IMS Health Vector One National Database Year 2013, Extracted April 2014, cchrint.org/psychiatric-drugs/people-taking-psychiatric-drugs/.
 Am J. Psychiatry, 138:4, April 1981, p. 572.
CONTACT: Citizens Commission on Human Rights - Phone: +1 (323) 467-4242 - E-mail: [email protected] - Twitter: @CCHRInt
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