Wake Forest Baptist Researchers Develop Medical App to Help Evaluate Patients With Chest Pain
WINSTON-SALEM, N.C., June 23, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have developed a medical app for risk-evaluation and clinical support that can help emergency department personnel more efficiently determine which patients with acute chest pain can be discharged safely.
The app, called the HEART Pathway, is now available as a free download in the Apple App Store and is based on a clinically validated protocol developed by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist.
Released in the spring of 2016, the app also integrates seamlessly with electronic health record systems such as EPIC. This integration functionality can be purchased as an enterprise solution from Decision Point Informatics, an industry partner that has licensed related intellectual property rights from Wake Forest Baptist Health through Wake Forest Innovations.
A randomized control clinical trial published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes (March 2015) a journal of the American Heart Association found that chest-pain patients who were evaluated with the HEART Pathway protocol, had 12 percent fewer cardiac tests, 21 percent more early discharges and shorter hospital stays than those who received standard care. No patient identified for early discharge had a major heart problem within 30 days of their admission to the emergency department.
With the validated results of the study, lead author and associate professor of emergency medicine at Wake Forest Baptist, Simon A. Mahler, M.D., along with Iltifat Husain, M.D., assistant professor of Emergency Medicine at Wake Forest Baptist, worked to translate the HEART Pathway protocol and decision support into an app interface with the help of Wake Forest School of Medicine student Scott Gilmore.
"The HEART Pathway app is the manifestation of our validated patient protocol in digital form," Mahler said. "This gives emergency department providers an easy way to apply an already proven method for evaluating patients who present with chest pain in a way that reduces length of stay and unnecessary testing."
The HEART Pathway weighs five components: the patient's history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors and levels of troponin, a protein in blood released when the heart muscle is damaged to determine an individual's risk of having a serious cardiac problem.
The app allows the medical provider to input this information and then produces a HEAR score (history, ECG, age and risk factors) between 0 and 7, along with a recommendation for troponin measurement. Patients with a HEAR score of 3 or lower and negative serial troponins have less than 1 percent risk of a major adverse cardiac event (MACE) within 30 days and are recommended for release.
Unlike the HEART Score, a related decision aid which has a 2 percent risk of missing a cardiac event, the HEART Pathway has less than a 1 percent risk. More importantly, compared to the HEART Score, the HEART Pathway is a less subjective that delivers greater reproducibility independent of the provider using it. This enables uniform care to be delivered to patients.
"The ability to have an app on hand that can provide a validated health pathway and have that same app integrated into EPIC has the potential to provide not only better patient care in emergency care settings everywhere, but to provide substantial cost savings to health systems, insurers and patients by reducing testing and admission. Through rigorous research and time we've proven the HEART Pathway works not only at Wake Forest Baptist, but also at other private practice emergency rooms. Now we want to take it nationwide," said Husain.
About Wake Forest Innovations – Wake Forest Innovations improves health through collaborative innovation between industry and the faculty and staff of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. We accomplish this through our three centers: the Center for Technology Innovation & Commercialization, which accelerates the development and commercialization of inventions; the Center for Industry Research Collaboration, which expedites access to specialized clinical and research capabilities; and the Center for Applied Learning, which promotes best clinical practices through experiential training. (www.wakeforestinnovations.com)
About Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center – Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center (www.wakehealth.edu) is a nationally recognized academic medical center in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, with an integrated enterprise including educational and research facilities, hospitals, clinics, diagnostic centers and other primary and specialty care facilities serving 24 counties in northwest North Carolina and southwest Virginia. Its divisions are Wake Forest Baptist Health, a regional clinical system that includes Brenner Children's Hospital and has close to 175 locations, 900 physicians and 1,000 acute care beds; Wake Forest School of Medicine, an established leader in medical education and research; and Wake Forest Innovations, which accelerates the commercialization of research discoveries and specialized research capabilities of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and operates Wake Forest Innovation Quarter, an urban district for research, business and education. Wake Forest Baptist clinical, research and educational programs are annually ranked among the best in the country by U.S. News & World Report.
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SOURCE Wake Forest Innovations