PHILADELPHIA and LONDON, Oct. 9 ThomsonScientific, part of The Thomson Corporation (NYSE: TOC; TSX: TOC) and leadingprovider of information solutions to the worldwide research and businesscommunities, today announced the results of a study analyzing Australianinstitutions' research influence and scientific output. In theSeptember/October issue of Science Watch, Thomson Scientific analyzes datafrom its Australian University Indicators 1981-2006 to evaluate universitiesand research institutions based on total citations and impact -- the averagenumber of citations per paper. Science Watch uses unique citation data toprovide rankings, interviews and reports on today's most significant science.
The study ranks institutions by impact and total citations across 21fields as well as overall output and impact. The University of Melbourneoccupies the lead position in this survey by frequently ranking among the topthree in many of the scientific fields -- appearances in 11 scientific fieldsranked by total citations and 10 fields by impact. In five scientific fields-- physics, neurosciences, pharmacology, microbiology, andpsychology/psychiatry -- Melbourne ranked in both citations and impact.
"As we have seen with previous studies, large universities, such as TheUniversity of Melbourne tend to be the most productive and have the highestresearch output. It is, therefore, not surprising to also see thesepowerhouses rank highly in regard to citation rankings," said ChristopherKing, editor of Science Watch. "However, despite publishing fewer papers thanthe large universities, smaller research institutes made a good showing in theimpact rankings. For example, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of MedicalResearch topped all other universities and institutions in overall impact withan average of nearly 20 citations per paper."
Of total citations garnered by the institutions that ranked among the topthree in these 21 fields, the University of Sydney collected the highestoverall total, with more than 64,000. Of that number, slightly more thanhalf-32,420 citations-accrued in the field of clinical medicine alone, thusgiving the University of Sydney top honors in that field. The University ofMelbourne, with more than 51,000 citations tallied in its respective top-threeplacements, and the University of New South Wales, with more than 41,000citations, take second and third place, respectively.
By placing second for total citations as well as appearing 10 times in atop-three spot across 21 fields for impact, the University of Melbournedisplays both productivity and influence. The university is followed byfellow powerhouses, the University of Sydney with six appearances, and theUniversity of New South Wales and the University of Queensland, each with fiveappearances.
Publishing fewer papers, it is difficult for smaller research institutionsto rank highly in the citation counts, but these institutions can shine inoverall impact rankings. The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute garnered firstplace over every other institution with the highest impact across all fieldswith an average of nearly 20 citations per paper. The Garvan Institute ofMedical Research, with an average of almost 14 citations per paper, and thePeter MacCallum Cancer Center, with close to 13 average citations per paper,round out the top three institutes with the highest impact.
The University of Sydney ranked as the most prolific institution with morethan 13,000 papers published between 2002-2006. The University of Queenslandwith 11,503 papers follows Sydney, and the University of Melbourne is a closethird with 11,220.
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