SEATTLE, May 9 The risk of the two major prostate diseases, cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), can be reduced by changes in lifestyle, such as avoiding smoking, maintaining a normal weight and eating a healthy diet. Alan Kristal, Dr.P.H., associate head of the Cancer Prevention Program at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, has conducted many studies that suggest men need not feel helpless against prostate cancer or BPH.
For example, Kristal and colleagues have found that:
The take-away message from all of these studies is that men can lower their risk of prostate disease by making lifestyle changes. Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, eating a diet low in fat and high in a variety of vegetables (especially broccoli), and achieving and maintaining a normal body weight can lower the risk of developing BPH and prostate cancer. And if a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, quitting smoking and losing weight may lower the risk of developing an aggressive, lethal form of the disease.
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-- Eating cruciferous vegetables, especially broccoli, at least three times a week may reduce a man's risk of prostate cancer by nearly half. Scientists believe that these vegetables protect against cancer because they contain isothiocianates, which increase the activity of enzymes that can both detoxify cancer-promoting compounds and decrease the concentration of active androgens (steroid hormones) in the prostate.
SOURCE Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center