Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a deadly ailment that directly targets one’s immune system which attacks foreign invaders like bacteria and viruses and incorrectly directs its defence cells like the white blood cells and antibodies. Antibodies directly affect the protein present in myelin which act as the shield for the nerves. According to the experts when the nerves of a particular body part are injured then immediately gets disconnected to from brain which leads to its ill functioning.
Although it is said that one can be faced with MS at any age but studies suggest that people between the age group of 20 and 40 have high risk of having MS. Study further mentions that women are have higher tendency to develop it than men.
Causes of MS can be traced to genetic or some environmental infection. Among the children it is commonly found in twins however it is not mandatory that both of them are detected with it even if their parents to not suffer from the same. Certain studies have also indicated that environmental factor play a vital role in causing MS. At the time of puberty or after puberty is said to be very crucial as chances of attracting Multiple Sclerosis are very high in these stages. Though period between acquiring MS and its detection may be long depending upon your surrounding. Hence one may call this disease as a silent and slow killer. Other studies suggest that people of certain races and ethnicities may be more susceptible to the unknown geographic or climatic element.
Statistics are not very clear about how many people have MS. But experts are of the view that currently about 250000 to 350000 people in the United States been diagnosed with this syndrome and the number is growing each week with 200 new cases are detected weekly.
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis vary widely between fatigue impaired vision and physical mobility depending upon which part of the body is first affected. Visual symptoms include double or blurred vision jerky eye movements and abnormal pupil responses; while sensory symptoms involve Electric shocks and buzzing sensations when moving head facial pains burning or itching sensations and the physical symptoms are partial paralyses weakening of muscles slurred speech irregular bowel movements and so on.
Although the cure for MS is not identified yet many therapies have been proven helpful. These therapies are aimed at containing the growth of this disease further so that new attacks are prevented first and affected parts are then concentrated on. However there are a few drugs that have shown the signs of slowing the progression of MS they are-Avonex Betaseron Copaxone Novantrone Rebif Tysabri. These drugs effectively reduce the sternness of the MS attack and reduce its pace of affecting other body parts. For those who have a severe Multiple Sclerosis syndrome and no steroids work for them choose Plasma Exchange therapy which replaces the week plasma from a person body with new ones in a dialysis manner.
If statistics are any resemblance of how MS is quickly growing then it is time for everyone to come together and fight it.
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