One of the major reason as noted by medical specialists for increasing prevalence of breast cancer among women in India is changing lifestyle. Lifestyle habits with greatest potential to trigger breast cancer were revealed by team of doctors from Max
Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh New Delhi. Addressing a press conference at Bahadurgarh Haryana they said that our observations on reports from Government of India approved bodies also noted breast cancer as leading site of cancer among women
in India. Dr Veda Padma Priya Senior consultant surgical oncology told that lack of exercise unhealthy eating use of contraceptive pills without medical advice late child birth and alcohol consumption as top precursors for development of breast cancer among women.
She added that “breast cancer has risen drastically. A few decades back breast cancer was seen only after fifty years of age and the number of young women suffering from this disease were lesser; almost 65% to 70% patients were above 50 years and only 30 to 35% women were below fifty years of age. However presently breast cancer is more common in the younger age group and 50% of all cases are in the 25 to 50 years age group.. More than 70% of the cases present in advanced stage accounting for poor survival and high mortality. Speaking on this occasion Dr Archit Pandit consultant surgical oncology at Max Hospital Shalimar bagh said “it is estimated that there will be approx 1 55000 new cases of breast cancer in the year 2017 and about 76000 women in India are expected to die of the disease. If we do not work on creating awareness and early detection of cancer the figure could be much worse. He also shared that Breast Self examination and Mammography a Nobel Technique to Deduct Breast Cancer cases at early stages say experts” Dr Gaurav Dixit consultant medical oncology at Max Hospital Shalimar Bagh shared that Number of Cancer Cases expected to rise by 70% over Next two decades in India. He also said that Cancer Is Still a Stigma in Indian Society and Women going through Breast cancer do not speak about it openly fearing being stigmatized by their own family and friends. The attitude towards cancer from our society has made cancer patients invisible preventing open discussion and creating a vicious cycle of fear and misinformation for the masses. This is what is hindering attempts to raise awareness about avoidable cancer risks and the importance of early detection. Signs & Symptoms of Breast Cancer : Lump in Breast
Thickening of skin of Breast.
Redness and swelling in any part of Breast.
Inverted Nipple of Breast.
Lump in Arm Pit. Risk Factors:
• Family History: Women whose mother or sister had breast cancer carry a higher risk of developing this disease.
• Breast lumps- Women who have had some type of non-cancerous breast lumps are more likely to develop cancer later on.
• Dense breast tissue - Women with dense breast tissue have a higher chance of developing breast cancer.
• Age: As women get older they are at higher risk of breast cancer.
• Diet and lifestyle choices: Women who smoke eat high fat diet drink alcohol are more at risk of developing breast cancer.
• Radiation Exposure: Frequent exposure to X-Rays and CT scans may raise a womens chance of developing breast cancer. • Obesity: Overweight women are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
• Oestrogen exposure – Women who started having periods earlier or entered menopause later than usual are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer. This is because their bodies have been exposed to oestrogen for longer duration.