CHENNAI, India, April 1, 2017 /PRNewswire/ --
Becomes the first in the world to conductSINGLE PASS FOUR THROW (SFT) PUPILLOPLASTY providing a ray of hope for patients with Glaucoma
Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital today announced that they have developed a new treatment for Glaucoma. A medical breakthrough, the SINGLE PASS FOUR THROW
(Photo: http://mma.prnewswire.com/media/485382/DR__AGARWAL_S_EYE_HOSPITAL.jpg )
SINGLE PASS FOUR THROW (SFT) PUPILLOPLASTY technique is ideal for treating this closed angle glaucoma due to abnormal iris configuration and closed angle. In SFT, the iris position is corrected by releasing the iris from the angles where the fluid drains. This new method of pulling the iris (the brown tissue) from the angle from where it has been attached to the centre creates clear angles. By this method, the iris is preventing from blocking the aqueous or fluid flow inside the eye which is necessary for maintaining pressure. This method has shown better outcomes as compared to laser treatment. The method will certainly provide added advantage in treating such patients with high eye pressure due to closed angles by iris tissue.
One-of-its-kind the treatment was used successfully to save the vision of Ms. Sulochana. Aged 83, Ms. Sulochana was bought to Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital for an eye check-up. On diagnosis she was found to be having a pressure of around 40 mm Hg, far higher than the average pressure among glaucoma patients. In fact, her condition was such that, if the pressure was left unattended she would end up losing her vision within a week. Initially the doctor's advised the traditional laser treatment; however that did not help in bringing down her pressure. The doctor's took the challenge and in an effort to save her vision administered SINGLE PASS FOUR THROW (SFT) PUPILLOPLASTY. Today, not only Sulochana's vision has been preserved, her pressure is also been bought down to normal and stable just like in the normal eye.
The eye resembles a CAMERA. Just as we take a photograph with the camera, so also the eye takes a photograph of an object seen by it. In the camera, an object is focussed onto the film of the camera by a lens. This image is an inverted image and it is developed int the studio and made into an erect one. The same way, an object is focussed by the lens of the eye onto the film of the eye called RETINA. This image is also inverted and is made erect by the brain.
WHAT IS GLAUCOMA?
Glaucoma is an eye disease which is one of the leading causes of blindness in our country. It is fairly common in adults above the age of 35 years. A clear transparent fluid called AQUEOUS HUMOR flows through the inner eye continuously. This inner flow can be compared to a sink with the tap turned on all the time. If the drainpipe gets blocked, water collects in the sink. Similarily in the eye there is a drainage system. Fluid is continuously coming into the eye and going out of the eye. In GLAUCOMA, the fluid is entering the eye, but not going out because the drainage pipe of the eye is blocked. Once this happens, the fluid accumulates more and more in the eye and the pressure of the eye increases. This increase in pressure indicates Glaucoma.
WHY DOES GLAUCOMA AFFECT VISION?
When we look at an object, the image is carried from the retina to the brain by the nerve of sight called the Optic nerve. Once the pressure builds up in the eye as in glaucoma this pressure compresses the optic nerve and starts to destroy it. This produces a loss of vision. Imagine if we are watching a scenery, then due to the pressure on the optic nerve after sometime the sides will not be seen and slowly a patient with glaucoma sees only the central field of view. With the passage of time even this is lost. People seldom notice this until considerable damage has occurred. That is why glaucoma is called a thief in the night.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF GLAUCOMA?
What is Closed angle glaucoma
GLAUCOMA is an ocular disease which is contributed by raise in eye pressure and subsequent optic nerve (nerve that connects eye to the brain) damage and visual loss. According to WHO Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness globally. Glaucoma, however, presents perhaps an even greater public health challenge than cataracts: because the blindness it causes is irreversible. Normal eye pressure in the general population ranges from 11 to 21mmHg. Glaucoma is broadly divided into 2 types, namely the open angle glaucoma and the closed angle glaucoma. Closed angle glaucoma occurs due to narrow angles (the region where the eye fluid circulates to maintain pressure) and associated iris (the brown tissue) abnormality. Primary angle closure glaucoma forms almost half of all adult primary glaucomas seen in a hospital setting in India. The disease is often silent and the patient can present in late stages. However when treated in early stages, the vision can be maintained.
About Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital:
Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital a comprehensive eye hospital offering a one-stop solution for eye ailments; was started in the year 1957. Now the hospital is in its 57th year of offering quality services in eye care. It has 15 branches in Chennai and a visible footprint in the states of Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Odisha, Andaman and Rajasthan. A tertiary eye care centre at Mauritius marks its first step towards establishing an international presence extended upto 13 branches covering the Indian Ocean region, African countries and East Asia.
The hospital has received various awards for its inventions and services. In March 2006, Late Dr. J Agarwal, Founder-Chairman was awarded Padma Bhushan by the former President of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam for his dedicated services to the poor and downtrodden. The hospital received visibility in the global arena for its inventions - Micro-Phakonit (Cataract surgery with 0.7 mm size incision) in 1999 and 'Glued Intraocular Lens Implant' performed on a 4 year old girl in January 2008 by Prof. Amar Agarwal. In February 2009, the world's first Anterior Segment Eye Transplant Surgery was performed on a 4 month old child to treat corneal disorder. In November 2013, for the first time in the World, Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital, Chennai transplanted a one year old donor cornea giving a new lease of sight to a 60 year old man through the new technique PDEK (Pre Descemet's Endothelial Keratoplasty).
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