Chronic Facial Pain: Diagnosis and Treatment
If you answered "yes" to any of the above questions, the Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) recommends talking to your dentist about your symptoms as you may be suffering from a temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD).
TMDs refer to problems that affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), otherwise known as the jaw joint, and facial muscles. It is important to understand that TMD is not a specific condition, but rather a general term used to describe a misalignment with the jaw joint.
The pain often associated with TMDs can be caused by sinus problems, toothaches, direct impact to the jaw, prolonged teeth grinding, muscle spasms caused by stress, arthritis, jaw tumors or an early stage of periodontal (gum) disease. Symptoms may occur on one or both sides of the face, head or jaw. Through an oral exam, exam of the head and neck muscles and X-rays, dentists can oftentimes diagnose the source of chronic facial pain and recommend an appropriate treatment option.
"A thorough neuromuscular exam for the TMD patient should involve a complete health history, assessment of signs and symptoms, muscle evaluation by utilizing a computer to measure muscle activity (EMG), sonography (listening and recording sounds of the joint) and computerized jaw tracking," said Dr. Alexandra George, a PDA member and neuromuscular dentist from Wexford who has treated many TMD patients.
Depending on the diagnosis, your dentist may refer you to a physician or specialist for treatment. There are several treatment options for TMDs, including:
TMDs affect approximately 10.8 million Americans. For more information on TMDs, visit www.padental.org/patientinformation and click on Temporomandibular Disorders.
About the Pennsylvania Dental Association
Founded in 1868, the Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) is comprised of approximately 6,000 member dentists. It is a constituency of the American Dental Association (ADA), the largest and oldest national dental society in the world. PDA's mission is to improve the public health, promote the art and science of dentistry and represent the interests of its member dentists and their patients. PDA is the voice of dentistry in Pennsylvania. For more information on PDA, visit our website at www.padental.org.
-- Muscle relaxants. -- Stress-reducing exercises. -- Wearing a special mouthguard designed to prevent teeth grinding or clenching. -- Bite adjustment. -- Physical therapy. -- Replacement of missing teeth.
SOURCE Pennsylvania Dental Association
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