Toxic Truth About Sugar and Diabetes - Infographic

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Toxic Truth About Sugar and Diabetes

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Diabetes is a condition in which the blood glucose levels rise higher than normal. The prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide particularly in the low-and-middle-income countries. Globally, about 422 million people live with diabetes. The number of people with diabetes has been steadily increasing in the past three decades due to overweight, obesity and sedentary lifestyle. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the world. About 1.5 million deaths occurred due to diabetes in 2012. Diabetes also increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Type 2 diabetes is highly prevalent than type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes in children was previously rare, but, it is steadily increasing worldwide.

High consumption of sugar does not increase the risk of type 1 diabetes, which is caused by genetic factors. Increased Body Mass Index (BMI) is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Sugar provides energy, a diet high in calories contributes to weight gain and increases the risk of developing diabetes. High consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is also linked to type 2 diabetes. Sugar consumption can be controlled by taxation, limiting sales during school hours, and placing age limits on purchasing.

Diabetes and its complications can be prevented by a healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding the use of tobacco and alcohol. People with diabetes can have a good quality life when the condition is diagnosed early and well-managed. It is essential to control blood glucose level through a combination of diet and physical activity and if necessary, medications.

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