Thyroid Cancer - Infographic

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Thyroid Cancer

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Thyroid cancer occurs when the abnormal thyroid cells begin to grow in the thyroid gland. Thyroid gland - a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland is located in front of the neck. A lump or swelling in the neck region is the common symptom. Other symptoms include pain in the neck, changes in voice, trouble breathing or swallowing, and swollen lymph nodes. The cause of thyroid cancer is unknown.

Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer and represents 75 - 85% of thyroid cases. Other types include follicular, medullary and anaplastic.

Thyroid cancer is common among women than men. Exposure to high levels of radiation, diet low in iodine and family history may increase the risk of thyroid cancer.

Neck examination done by the doctor can help detect thyroid nodules early. Most thyroid cancer cases can be cured with treatment. Treatment options include thyroidectomy (surgical procedure), intake of thyroid hormone drug levothyroxine and chemotherapy. Radioactive iodine treatment in women affects the ovarian reserve (egg supply) and may affect the fertility reveals a study conducted by researchers from Tel Aviv University.

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