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Parkinson's Disease - Infographic

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Parkinson's Disease

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Parkinsonís disease (PD, is also known as idiopathic or primary parkinsonism, hypokinetic rigid syndrome/HRS, or paralysis agitans) is an incurable neurodegenerative brain disorder. It happens when nerve cell in a personís brain slowly stop producing dopamine (neurotransmitter). Dopamine enables the brain cells that control the movement to communicate. PD mostly affects middle-aged and elderly.

People with Parkinson's disease experience uncontrollable shaking, a problem in standing, difficulty in walking. The symptoms of Parkinsonís disease occur when 60 to 80% of the dopamine die.

The four main common symptoms of Parkinsonís disease are easily remembered by the word ďTRAPĒ The letter T stands for Tremor at rest, R stands for rigidity, A represents Akinesia which means slow movement, P stands for posture which means stooped posture. These symptoms usually affect one side of the body.

There is no standard diagnostic for Parkinsonís disease, neurological examination plays a vital role in the diagnosis. Although there is no cure for Parkinsonís disease, physical, occupational and speech therapy combined with medications help manage symptoms. While medications suppress the symptoms, they may reappear or worsen in the morning; This is called ď morning off.Ē
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