After obtaining a complete history and performing a physical examination, it is appropriate to initiate treatment without referral for specialized testing in most cases.
This section will address treatment of the two most common types of urinary incontinence: stress incontinence and overactive bladder. Treatment of overflow incontinence and functional incontinence should be directed at the underlying condition producing these conditions. Treatment of women with urinary incontinence secondary to a urinary or gynecologic deformity or lack of continuity usually involves surgery by a urogynecologist or a urologist.
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