Somatoform Disorders

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Etiology

Psychoanalytic factors : The conversion symptoms enable a person to communicate the need for special consideration and treatment.


According to the psychoanalytic theory, conversion disorder is caused by repression of unconscious intrapsychic conflicts and the anxiety is converted to a physical symptom.

Clinical features are summarized on Table-I.

Differential diagnosis: Conversion disorder must be differentiated from neurological and medical disorders, other forms

of somatoform disorders, malingering and factitious disorder.

Course and Prognosis : About 90 to 100% resolve within a few days or less than a month.

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