Management of Heart Failure

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Clinical Assessment For Diagnosis


HF diagnosis is based on the recognition of a constellation of symptoms and clinical signs. This is difficult because the clinical signs and symptoms may vary with the age of the patient.

Individual clinical signs and symptoms correlate poorly with LV dysfunction and have very low sensitivity or specificity. Misdiagnosis can be a common occurrence in primary care practice because many of the signs and symptoms are not specific to the
HF syndrome. To make a diagnosis of HF the physician seeks and integrates information about the cause for HF, the clinical signs and symptoms elicited by history and physical examination, chest film findings, electrocardiogram results, pertinent laboratory tests, and echocardiography. Other potential causes of nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue and dyspnea on exertion must be considered in the diagnostic process.

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physiology 

what is the explanation for orthopnoea in CCF

srk001 

FOR BEST INFORMATION ABOUT ACNE TREATMENTS.

syras 

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http://www.insideheart.com/

retheesh 

very informative article !!!

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