How it should be taken
It comes as 0.5% solution and a 1% solution to instill into the affected eyes as directed by your physician.
Dosage & When it is to be taken
One to two drops 0.5% ophthalmic solution should be instilled into the affected eye(s) three times daily.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications)
Contraindicated in patients who are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO inhibitors), and hypersensitivity.
Why it is prescribed (Indications)
This medication is an alpha-2-adrenergic agonist, prescribed for short-term treatment of glaucoma in people who are taking other medications for this condition and still have increased pressure in the eye. It lowers the pressure in the eye by decreasing the amount of fluid produced within the eye. Also could be used in diagnosis of Horner's syndrome.
Category C :
Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Warnings and Precautions
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of depression, sugar, high blood pressure, stroke, Raynaud's disease, inflammation of the blood vessels, fainting, heart, liver, or kidney disease, who are taking other medications, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Store it in refrigerator (2 - 27°C). Protect from from light and avoid freezing.