How to Take Antivenom and Dose of Antivenom


Find out how to take Antivenom (drug) and its dose. Describes the best time to take the drug and precautions if any that should be followed.

How to take Antivenom


How it should be taken  

It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.

Dosage & When it is to be taken

IV- The recommended initial dose is 5 to 10 mL to infuse over a 3- to 5-minute period.
To be most effective, a dose should be administered within 4 hours of the bite; it is less effective when given after 8 hours and may be of questionable value after 12 hours.
However, it is recommended that antivenom therapy be given in severe poisonings, even if 24 hours have elapsed since the time of the bite.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications) 

None.

Why it is prescribed (Indications)  

This medication is an antitoxin, prescribed for the treatment of envenomation caused by bites of crotalids (pit vipers)including rattlesnakes, copperhead and cottonmouth moccasins, and others. 

Pregnancy Category

Category C : Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

Warnings and Precautions  

Caution needed for patient with allergy.

Storage Conditions  

Store original, unused (not reconstituted) vials at temperatures not exceeding 98F (37C) -Do not freeze.

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