How it should be taken
Amoxicillin comes as a tablet, capsule, chewable tablet, syrup and pediatric drops to take by mouth. It is usually taken every 12 hours (twice a day) or every 8 hours (three times a day) with or without food. It is recommended that at least 10 days' treatment for any infection caused by Streptococcus pyogens
to prevent the occurrence of acute rheumatic fever
Dosage & When it is to be taken
Adult- PO- The recommended dose range is 0.25 to 3gm.
Child- The recommended dose is 25 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 12 hours.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications)
Why it is prescribed (Indications)
This medication is a penicillin-like , β-lactam antibiotic. It is used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms. It prevents the bacterial growth and is used in the treatment of a number of infections such as pneumonia
, and infections of the ears, nose, throat, urinary tract, and skin.
Category B :
Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Warnings and Precautions
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney disease, allergies,asthma
, hay fever, hives, any allergy to any other penicillin antibiotic/cephalosporins, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Take full course of treatment.
Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise it may cause secondary infection.
Patient may experience stomach pain, severe diarrhea, blood in stool; if it so consult with your doctor.
Monitor liver function, kidney function and complete blood cell counts regularly while taking this medication.
Amoxicillin can make birth control pills less effective, therefore using a non-hormone method of birth control is recommended while on amoxicillin.
Capsules and dry powders should be stored at or below 20 C (68 F) and chewable tablets should be stored at room temperature (20-25°C), and in an airtight container. Keep away from children.