How it should be taken
It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or large muscle.
Dosage & When it is to be taken
PO/IM/IV 65 to 200 mg at bedtime.
PO/IM/IV 30 to 50 mg twice daily or 3 times daily.
PO/IM 2 to 6 mg/kg/dose.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications)
Contraindicated in patients with history of acute or chronic pain, respiratory disease, severe liver impairment, porphyria and hypersensitivity.
Why it is prescribed (Indications)
This medication is a barbiturate derivative, prescribed for anxiety, insomnia and induction of preanesthetic sedation.
It alters cerebellar function and produces drowsiness, sedation and hypnosis
Category D :
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Warnings and Precautions
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of liver or kidney disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise patient may get addicted to this drug.
Avoid rapid administration; otherwise it may lead to breathing problem.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Store it at controlled room temperature (15° to 30°C), and in an airtight container. Keep away from children.