How it should be taken
It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.
Dosage & When it is to be taken
Adult- IV- Initial dose: 6 mg given as a rapid intravenous bolus (administered over a 1-2 second period).
Repeat Administration: If first dose does not work,
12 mg should be given as a rapid intravenous bolus. This 12 mg dose may be repeated a second time if required.
Child- Initial dose: Give 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg as a rapid IV bolus. It may be increased upto 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg if needed.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications)
Contraindicated in patients with second-or third-degree AV block, slow heartbeat, and hypersensitivity.
Why it is prescribed (Indications)
This medication is an antiarrhythmic agent, prescribed for irregular heart beat. It slows the electrical conduction in the heart.
Category C :
Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Warnings and Precautions
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of lung or breathing problems, gout, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breast-feeding.
It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid drinking large amount of caffeinated beverages.
Store it at controlled room temperature (15º-30ºC), and in an airtight container.