Morphine - Drug Toxicity

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Latest prescription information about Morphine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
Drug Name : Morphine

Indication : Morphine is widely and therapeutically used as an analgesic . Morphine has two derivatives heroin and codeine which are used as a drug of abuse.


Physiology : Morphine, the major phenathrene alkaloid of powdered opium is used for relief or moderate to severe acute and chronic pain after non-narcotic analgesics have failed. It is also used as preanesthetic medication, to relieve the pain of myocardial infarction and to relieve the dyspnea of acute left ventricular failure and pulmonary edema.

Normal Values : Negative

Critical Values : > 300 ng/mL


Test Method : Gas liquid chromatography(GLC)

Side effects : Side effects of morphine include central nervous system depression resulting in drowsiness, nausea and vomiting, constipation, low blood pressure, reduced heart rate, respiratory depression, histamine release resulting in an allergic reaction, miosis (small contracted pupil of the eye), urinary retention and physical and psychological dependence.

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