Generic Name : Vancomycin Pronunciation : van-koe-MYE-sin Therapeutic Classification : Miscellaneous Anti- Infectives ICD Code : Y41.9
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International- Vancomycin Hydrochloride. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is a glycopeptide antibiotic, prescribed for serious bacterial infections, endocarditis and surgical prophylaxis in major procedures. It kills sensitive bacteria. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Hypersensitivity to the drug.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Adult: IV- The recommended dose is 0.5-2 g/day in 3-4 divided doses for a period of 7-10 days. Dose may be reduced in kidney patients. How it should be taken :
It comes as a solution for injection, administered by healthcare provider, with or without food. Warnings and Precautions :
*Patient may develop with Ototoxicity (damage to the ear), nephrotoxicity (kidney damage).
*Caution needed for patients with history of kidney impairment, newborns, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
*Administer only by slow intra venous injection.
*Change the injection site, to decrease vein inflammation.
*Keep rate of infusion at less than or equal to 10 mg/min rate.
*Monitor kidney and liver functions, serum concentration, blood counts and functioning of the ear regularly.
Side Effects :
Most Common- Ear and kidney damage.
Local- Severe allergic reactions including rash, hives, or itching.
Gastrointestinal- Inflammation of intestine.
Blood- Decrease in white blood cell and platelets.
Miscellaneous- Fever, nausea, dizziness, chills, eosinophilia, low blood pressure, wheezing and difficulty in breathing.
*Discontinue if patient develops tinnitus (ringing in the ear). Storage Conditions :
Injection: Store at 15-30°C, far from heat and light.
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