This medication is a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, prescribed for depression. It increases the amounts of certain natural substances that are needed for mental balance.
Contraindicated in patients with brain defects, heart disease, kidney tumors, co-administered with MAO inhibitors, bupropion, serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), sympathomimetics, buspirone, meperidine, dextromethorphan, undergoing elective surgery and hypersensitivity.
Dose is based on patients condition. The usual effective dosage is 30 mg per day in divided doses.
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of high blood pressure, headache, adrenal tumor, stroke, heart, blood vessel or liver disease, anxiety, agitation, diabetes, seizures, kidney or thyroid disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause drowsiness, dizziness or fainting, do not drive a car or operate machinery and get up slowly from bed while taking this medication.
Avoid taking food item which contain tyramine; otherwise it may cause severe high blood pressure while taking this medication.
Avoid taking caffeinated beverages while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
It may cause increased risk of suicidal thoughts in children and teenagers; watch them carefully.
Central Nervous System :
Anxiety, agitation, weakness, drowsiness, dizziness and dry mouth.
Gastrointestinal : Nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain and constipation.
Miscellaneous : Fast heart rate, loss of appetite, swelling in the extremities, palpitations, blurred vision, chills and impotence.
Avoid exposure to sunlight; it may cause sunburn easily.
Monitor blood pressure regularly while taking this medication.
Store it at room temperature and keep away from light.
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